Six Reasons Your Car May Encounter Issues With Electrical System

Published on April 13, 2018 03:11 AM in Safe Driving, Driver Tech, Maintenance, Auto Performance
Six Reasons Your Car May Encounter Issues With Electrical System

Your vehicle’s electrical system is a complex ecosystem of wires, chargers and cables. And a problem in one area can cascade into problems in others. 

“We’re asking our charging systems to put out a lot of power,” said Gale Kimbrough of Interstate Battery. “The variety of wants and needs has increased, and the battery suffers.”

Traditionally, a dead battery could be attributed to something as simple as leaving an interior light on overnight. Yet, modern vehicles typically require a trained eye to identify sources of power drain.

All vehicles use an alternator to recharge the battery while the vehicle is running. A worn out alternator can prevent your vehicle's battery from recharging.

And what about the cables running between all the electrical components?

High heat common in the engine compartment causes cables to deteriorate, and damaged cables may not conduct electrical current properly.

The result: A dead battery.

“On many of the vehicles today, the electronic devices do not immediately shut-off or go into sleep mode immediately after the key is shut off,” Kimbrough said. “Sometimes the vehicle’s computer system stays active for five to 15 minutes or more.”

Kimbrough recommended regular inspection of the electric system, cleaning battery terminals and testing of a battery’s charge level. That is especially true before summer trips, when high temperatures accelerate corrosion and can evaporate water inside the battery.

“People who drive sporadically or consistently drive short trips often encounter discharged batteries due to the increased parasitic drains,” he said.

Look for warning signs that your vehicle battery may be about to fail--difficulty starting your vehicle, low headlight intensity and power accessories that are sluggish (lift gates or windows that operate slower than normal).

Kimbrough had the following suggestions to avoid getting stuck with a dead battery:

  • Ask your service advisor to test the battery’s power retention capability. A weak battery may be able to turn over your vehicle’s engine at home and go dead when you travel to a mountain retreat.
  • Inspect the battery for leaks, cracks or bulging. Any one of these symptoms means it’s time for a new battery. A corrosive mixture of chemicals slops around inside the battery. A cracked, leaking or swollen battery poses serious safety hazards for you and your vehicle.
  • Check for corrosion around the cables. Rust and crust on the terminals can diminish the effectiveness of your vehicle’s battery and must be removed.
  • Inspect your vehicle’s charging system every three months or every oil change. Batteries that are more than 3 years old should be tested more frequently.
  • Always get the battery checked before taking a long road trip. Have a professional mechanic inspect battery cables, posts and fasteners.
  • Check electrical cables for wear and tear. If you notice cracks, ask your advisor about replacing the cables before your next out-of-town journey.

Problems are exacerbated by rapid temperature changes seen in late spring or late fall, KIimbrough said. The number and length of trips also plays into battery wear and tear.


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